#### Structuring the Math Day

One of the questions I get most often is:

*How do I use the materials with my Singapore Math curriculum and fit it all into an hour math block?*

First off, kudos to your school for setting aside an hour math block for your youngest learners! Through math instruction, students will gain the skills and thought processes necessary to solve problems. Math needs to be given a priority in the schedule. Following is one of my favorite quotes from Dr. Yeap Ban Har, author, and contributor to several Singapore Math style curriculum.

*“We are not teaching math. We are teaching thinking through the medium of math.”*

##### What should I include in my lessons?

- Ongoing cumulative review
- Direct instruction
- Guided practice
- Independent practice

##### How much time should I spend on each component?

10 minutes – Ongoing Cumulative Review

20 minutes – Direct Instruction

30 minutes – Guided and Independent Practice

##### What does each component consist of?

**Ongoing Cumulative Review (10 minutes)**

According to Steven Leinwand, in his book *Accessible Mathematics: 10 Instructional Shifts *that* Raise Student Achievement*, in every classroom there should be signs of:

A deliberate and carefully planned reliance on ongoing, cumulative review of key skills and concepts.

As you teach concepts, you will want to include them in your ongoing cumulative review. With such an emphasis on mental math strategies and the development of number sense, mental math should play a major role in your daily review.

Mental Math can be practiced through the use of:

**Direct Instruction (20 minutes)**

- Teacher directed (follow the plan in the Teacher’s Guide)
- Through student exploration (also known as, an Anchor Task)

**Guided Practice (30 minutes combined with Independent Practice)**

- Textbook problems can be worked:
- Whole group answering problems on individual whiteboards,
- With partners working through problems together, or
- Individually

**Independent Practice (30 minutes combined with Guided Practice)**

- Workbook problems
- As home enjoyment
- As classwork

- Fluency practice

Comment below with your questions or concerns about structuring your math day!

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